Indonesian Culture Banten Province
Most community members embrace Islam with a very high religious spirit, but followers of other religions can live side by side in peace.
The potential and uniqueness of the culture of the Banten people, including the Martial Arts of Pencak Silat, Debus, Rudad, Umbruk, Saman Dance, Mask Dance, Cokek Dance, Dog-dog, Mosttung, and Lojor.
In addition, there are also relics of ancestral heritage, including the Great Mosque of Old Banten, the Long Sacred Tomb, and many other relics.
In Banten Province, there are Baduy tribes.. The Dalam Baduy tribe is a native Sundanese Banten tribe who still maintains anti-modernization traditions, both in how to dress and other lifestyles.
The Baduy-Rawayan tribe lives in the Kendeng Mountains Cultural Conservation area of 5,101.85 hectares in the Kanekes area, Leuwidamar District, Lebak Regency.
The villages of the Baduy people are generally located in the Ciujung River watershed in the Kendeng Mountains.
This area is known as the land entrusted to it from the ancestors, which must be preserved and guarded carefully, not to be damaged.
Language Culture Banten Province
Indigenous people who live in the province of Banten speak using a dialect which is derived from the Old Sundanese language.
The dialect is classified as a coarse language in modern Sundanese, which has several levels from a fine level to a coarse level (informal), the first of which was created during the Mataram Sultanate rule in Priangan (southeast part of West Java Province).
However, in the South Banten Region, such as Lebak and Pandeglang, they use Mixed Sundanese, Old Sundanese, Modern Sundanese and Indonesian, in Serang and Cilegon, Javanese Bantenese are spoken by ethnic Javanese.
And, in the northern part of Tangerang City, Indonesian with the Betawi dialect is also used by ethnic Betawi immigrants. Besides Sundanese, Javanese and Betawi dialects, Indonesian is also used mainly by immigrants from other parts of Indonesia.
A machete is a large and heavy knife that is used as a garden tool as well as a weapon that is commonly found in Southeast Asia. Until now, we can also see the machete used as a weapon in silat. Size, weight, and shape vary depending on the blacksmith who made them.
A machete is similar in shape to a machete but tends to be shorter and heavier, and is often used to cut shrubs and tree branches.
Machetes are usually made of carbon steel which is softer than any other large knife in the world. This makes it easy to sharpen but requires more frequent sharpening.
Banten traditional clothing for men wearing koko clothes with a closed neck.
And the bottom clothes are equipped with long pants and tied with batik cloth. He wore a belt on his shirt and tucked a machete in the front.
And on the shoulder a piece of cloth is slung.
While the Banten traditional clothes for women, wear traditional kebaya clothes and inner cloth as subordinates.
This outfit is also slung over the shoulder by a piece of cloth and decorated with a hand crafted brooch on the button front of the kebaya.
Her hair is in a bun and decorated with golden bouncy flowers.
Regional Dance: Mask Dance
This dance is performed by one or more men according to need. The movement of this dance is graceful.
The mask dance tells the story of a person who feels revenge because of his rejected love.
Angklung Buhun, Bamboo Pantung, Rampak Beduk.
Art is a human skill and skill to create and produce things of beautiful value.
The size of its beauty depends on the local culture, because art is one of the elements of culture.
In terms of variety, there are many kinds of art, from those originating from the beauty of sound and sight to feelings, perhaps even spiritual touch.
There are signs that Banten art is a legacy of pre-Islamic art and is combined or colored with Islam.
For example, the architecture of a mosque with three levels as a symbol of Faith, Islam, Ihsan, or Shari’ah, tariqa, essence.
Architecture like this applies in all mosques in Banten. Then there is a tendency to turn into a dome shape, and maybe in what form, but what seems to be a tendency to move away from religious symbolism is to art itself.
Regarding other arts, there is also an identification of old (formerly) art that has not changed, except perhaps the packaging. The arts in question are:
- Seni Debus Surosowan
- Seni Debus Pusaka Banten
- Seni Rudat
- Seni Terbang Gede
- Seni Patingtung
- Seni Wayang Golek
- Seni Saman
- Seni Sulap-Kebatinan
- Seni Angklung Buhun
- Seni Beluk
- Seni Wawacan Syekh
- Seni Mawalan
- Seni Kasidahan
- Seni Gambus
- Seni Reog
- Seni Calung
- Seni Marhaban
- Seni Dzikir Mulud
- Seni Terbang Genjring
- Seni Bendrong Lesung
- Seni Gacle
- Seni Buka Pintu
- Seni Wayang Kulit
- Seni Tari Wewe
- Seni Adu Bedug, And others
Pencak Silat Culture
The culture of pencak silat is a martial art rooted in the original culture of the Indonesian nation.
Allegedly from the 7th century AD, silat has spread to remote parts of the archipelago.
The development and spread of silat historically began to be recorded when its spread was heavily influenced by the Ulama, along with the spread of Islam in the 15th century in the archipelago. At that time, pencak silat had been taught together with religious lessons in Islamic boarding schools and also in mosques.
The culture of prayer and silat is a close bond in the spread of pencak silat.
Silat then developed from just a martial art and the art of folk dance, to become part of state defense education to face the invaders.
Besides that, pencak silat is also a part of spiritual practice.
Banten whose name is very well known for its silat knowledge and its spread cannot be separated from the teachings of Islam.
No wonder many of the names of the moves and movements of the original Banten silat college were taken from the Arabic script and language.
Pencak silat Banten began to be known along with the establishment of the Islamic kingdom of Banten which was founded in the 15th century AD with its first king Sultan Hasanudin.
The development of pencak silat at that time was inseparable from the use of silat as a tool for training the royal soldiers as a provision for state defense agility taught by silat teachers who mastered various streams.
Silat was also the basis for the defense of the kingdom and the general public of Banten in fighting the colonialism of the invaders.
Even today, Banten is still widely known and recognized for its warriors and champions, the term for people who are proficient in silat.
Debus is a martial art from Banten. This art was created in the 16th century, during the reign of Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin (1532-1570).
Debus, an art that demonstrates extraordinary human abilities, is immune to sharp weapons, immune to fire, drinking hard water, putting objects into whole coconuts, frying eggs on the head and others.
Debus in Arabic means a sharp weapon made of iron, has a pointed tip and slightly rounded shape.
With this tool debus players are injured, and usually cannot be penetrated even if the debus is hit many times by other people.
This immune attraction attraction is another variation on the Debus show.
Among other things, piercing the stomach with a sharp object or spear, slicing the body with a machete until it was injured or without injury, eating coals of fire, inserting a long needle into the tongue, skin, cheek until it penetrated and was not injured.
Slice the limbs until they are injured and bleed but can be healed in an instant, dousing the body with hard water until the clothes attached to the body crumble, chewing glass / glass shards, burning the body.
And there are many more attractions that they do.
In Banten, the art of debus or the skill of doing debus is commonplace and many universities teach it.