In order to follow up the Coordination Meeting on March 4, 2022 which agreed that the academic text of the Literacy Cultivation Roadmap would be proposed as a Draft Presidential Regulation (RaPerpres) as a legal umbrella for literacy cultivation and the Coordination Meeting on April 5, 2022 which was held by the Ministry of Education and Culture related to the preparation of the RaPerpres for Literacy Cultivation, Deputy for Coordination Mental Revolution, Promotion of Culture and Sports Achievement, Didik Suhardi chaired the Coordination Meeting for the Drafting of the Presidential Regulation on Literacy Cultivation online on 30 June 2022 in Jakarta.
In his speech, Didik said that literacy culture needs to be developed starting from the village. The role of the Ministry of Home Affairs, KemendesPDTT, Kemendikbudristek and National Library is very necessary to realize every village has a village library as a knowledge center, community empowerment center, and cultural center.
The implementation of increasing literacy culture for welfare needs to obtain adequate budget support.
Support from the Ministry of Finance, Bappenas, Ministry of Home Affairs, as well as KemendesPDTT and other relevant K/L are needed to ensure budget allocation for literacy activities up to the village level.
With an adequate allocation of village funds, the village is a starting point for development and community empowerment to improve community welfare.
“Hopefully this activity can be useful and through this Presidential Regulation on Literacy Cultivation, it can be a guide and a forum for collaboration in literacy cultivation,” said Didik.
The Head of the National Library of Indonesia, Muhammad Syarif Bando said that literacy is the depth of one’s knowledge of a particular subject that can be implemented with innovation and creativity to produce high-quality goods and services that can be used to win global competition.
RaPerpres is expected to have an impact on people who are knowledgeable in various fields of life, support innovation, creativity, and community creativity to create added value economically so as to achieve literacy for prosperity.
“So literacy is not just good at reading and writing, at this time it is hoped that Indonesia is already at the literacy level that has innovation and creativity in anticipation of the development of information technology and rapid changes and has the ability to produce goods/services that can be used in global competition (become a producer, not a producer). consumers)”, concluded Syarif Bando.
Pangesti Wiedarti from Yogyakarta State University, as the Expert Team for preparing the Academic Manuscript of the Literacy Cultivation Roadmap (PJPL) revealed that the RaPerpres is expected to be a common guideline and a forum for collaboration in order to encourage the strengthening of synergies across Ministries and Institutions stakeholders, and as a reference in developing literacy culture in Indonesia.
Secretary of the Language Development and Guidance Agency, Kemendikbudristek, Hafidz Muksin conveyed an update on the preparation of the RaPerpres for Literacy Cultivation which is currently in the revision stage of the results of an internal meeting at the Ministry of Education and Culture and in July 2022 the RaPerpres will be submitted to the Legal Bureau of the Ministry of Education and Culture for review and refinement.
In August the RaPerpres will be submitted to the Minister of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology, and the National Legal Development Agency (BPHN) of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, and in September 2022 it will be submitted to the President to be stipulated as a Presidential Regulation.
“We ask for the support of all parties so that the RaPerpres can be realized soon,” concluded Hafidz.
Present as resource persons were Muhammad Syarif Bando (Head of the National Library of Indonesia), Pangesti Wiedarti (Expert Team for Drafting Academic Papers for the Literacy Cultivation Roadmap / PJPL), and Hafidz Muksin (Secretary of the Language Development and Development Agency, Kemendikbudristek), Assistant Deputy for Literacy, Innovation , and the Creativity of the Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture, Molly Prabawaty, hopes that the preparation of this Presidential Regulation can encourage Ministries/Agencies to synergize and collaborate in efforts to cultivate literacy and achieve a golden Indonesia 2045.
Freedom to Learn, Efforts to Strengthen the Pillars of Education
Since it was first launched, the Merdeka Learning Program has succeeded in accelerating the quality of education in the country.
Through this program, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology has succeeded in strengthening various aspects of education.
Starting from the curriculum, strengthening students and teaching staff (HR), to educational assistance.
Merdeka Learning is an approach that is taken so that students and students can choose the subjects they are interested in.
This is done so that students and students can optimize their talents and can make the best contribution in working for the nation.
Minister of Education and Technology, Nadiem Makarim said that Merdeka Learning is an educational development concept in which all stakeholders are expected to become agents of change. These stakeholders include families, teachers, educational institutions, industry, and society.
There are three indicators of the success of the Merdeka Learning program initiated by the ministry.
Namely, equal participation of students in Indonesian education, effective learning, and the absence of students’ backwardness.
“These three indicators can be achieved, among others, by improving educational infrastructure and technology.
Class infrastructure in the future must be better than today.
Then a technology-based national education platform must also be encouraged,” said Nadiem recently.
During the pandemic, the government disbursed trillions of rupiah to support the teaching and learning process in schools affected by the pandemic.
From the realization of the budget in 2020, for example, the absorption is Rp. 79.6 trillion or 91.5 percent of the budget. This proves how much the government pays attention to education.
As quoted from the Ministry of Education and Culture website, there was goods expenditure of Rp. 33.11 trillion, most of which was allocated for the additional Internet Quota Subsidy Assistance and Wage Subsidy Assistance for Non-PNS Educators and Education Personnel (PTK).
Also handling the Teaching Hospital (RSP) in State Universities (PTN).
In addition, there are also PTN Operational Assistance and the Public Service Agency (BLU) which include scholarships and teacher capacity building.
The Rp5.52 trillion Capital Expenditure represents all expenditures that produce assets, equipment, machinery, buildings, and buildings, including those in universities.
Meanwhile, spending on Social Assistance (Bansos) for Smart Indonesia Cards (KIP) and College KIPs, and Bidikmisi Scholarships (kemdikbud.go.id).
Nadiem explained that his party also launched the Independent Learning Curriculum as a follow-up to the improvement of the 2013 Curriculum, especially in the midst of the pandemic situation for the last 3 years.
Nadiem revealed that the Merdeka Learning curriculum is an advanced part of the development and implementation of an emergency curriculum that was launched to respond to the pandemic. However, he stated that he did not overhaul the 2013 curriculum.
“So we follow the philosophy of independence, freedom of learning and we give schools three options according to their respective readiness,” explained Nadiem.
With this new curriculum, he said, the curriculum structure will be more flexible and the lesson hours are targeted to be fulfilled in one year. The focus is also on essential material so that learning outcomes are arranged per phase, not per year.
This curriculum, said Nadiem, also provides flexibility for teachers to use various teaching tools according to the needs and characteristics of students. Applications that provide various references for teachers will also be used so that teachers can develop teaching practices independently.
According to him, with the Independent Curriculum, there are no more specialization programs in high school.
Students can choose subjects according to their interests, talents and aspirations. Meanwhile, teachers can teach according to the stage of achievement and development of students.
For schools, they are given the authority to develop and manage curriculum and learning in accordance with the characteristics of the education unit and its students.
Learning is also through project activities so that it provides broad opportunities for students to actively explore actual issues such as the environment to health.
“It means that he is not divided into science or social studies.
They can choose part of science and part of social science and that has been done in many international curriculum programs and in developed countries,” said Nadiem.